White Rose University Consortium logo
University of Leeds logo University of Sheffield logo York University logo

Critical Review of Historic Literature Concerning Traditional Lime and Earth-Lime Mortars

Copsey, Nigel David (2019) Critical Review of Historic Literature Concerning Traditional Lime and Earth-Lime Mortars. MA by research thesis, University of York.

[img]
Preview
Text (Critical Review of Historic Literature Concerning Lime and Earth-Lime Mortars)
DISSERTATION FINAL.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (27Mb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Supporting chapters; transcriptions of historic texts and archive material)
Appendices 1 to 10.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (40Mb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Mortar Analysis)
Appendix 11 No.1 Stonehouse mortar.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (1455Kb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Mortar Analysis)
Appendix 11 No.2 Lime - Roman mortars M174516R1 - Mortar Analysis - Vindolanda Fort _example copy_.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (1258Kb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Mortar Analysis)
Appendix 11 No.3 Report on the Analysis of Clay Plaster for Nigel Copsey.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (634Kb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Mortar Analysis)
Appendix 11 No.4 Cert of Mortar Analysis - M191218C1 - Clay Moratr from Normandy.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (1630Kb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text
Appendix 11 No.5 Report M182617R1 - Beverley Gate, Hull.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (870Kb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Mortar Analyses)
Appendix 11 No.6 Report M184418R1 - Guild Hall, York-2.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (5Mb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Mortar Analysis)
Appendix 11 No.7 Analysis of Kiln mortars, Chimney Bank, Rosedale.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (4Mb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Mortar Analysis)
Appendix 11 No.8 Report M185018R1 - Wayne County Courthouse - Mortars.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (3924Kb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Mortar Analysis)
Appendix 11 No.9 Cert of Mortar Analysis - M199119-R4 - Rosedale East Stone Kilns.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (3736Kb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Mortar Analysis)
Appendix 11 No.10 mortar analysis Calgary Cathedral.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (2219Kb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Mortar Analysis)
Appendix 11 No.11 Interior plaster, Iron-stone Workers Cottages, Rosedale.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (1791Kb) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text (Mortar Analysis)
Appendix 11 No.12 York House, Malton - Plaster sample.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (1418Kb) | Preview

Abstract

A review of historic knowledge and understanding concerning the manipulation of lime and earth-lime mortars; the uses to which they were put, as set out in historic texts from the UK, Ireland, North America, France and Spain, as well as from Ancient Rome. Time-span: 160 BC to 1962. These tell a consistent story very different to that told during the Lime Revival in the UK after 1975. The ubiquitous mortars of construction were earth-lime and hot mixed air lime, with and without pozzolans. Natural Hydraulic Limes have minimal historic precedence for the uses to which they have been put over the last 20 years or so. Lime putty had minimal historic precedence as a binder before the 20thC. This dissertation sets out historic knowledge and understanding of traditional mortars and provides a platform for the essential re-booting of the lime revival and speaks to a paradigm shift in understanding and practice over recent years, a shift inspired primarily by the practical experience of stonemasons and conservators who have been working with traditional, like-for-like and compatible materials over a number of years.

Item Type: Thesis (MA by research)
Related URLs:
Keywords: earth-lime mortars; earth mortars; earth building; hot mixed lime mortars; sand-slaking; ordinary method; hot mixed concretes; hot lime washes; hot mixed shelter coats; hot lime grouts; plastering; lime putty; putty lime; building with lime; the Lime Revival; lime mortar proportion; lime slaking; hot mixing; lime and hair; natural hydraulic lime; hydraulic lime; winter working with lime
Academic Units: The University of York > Archaeology (York)
The University of York > Conservation Studies
Depositing User: Nigel David Copsey
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2020 00:03
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2020 00:03
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/25523

You do not need to contact us to get a copy of this thesis. Please use the 'Download' link(s) above to get a copy.
You can contact us about this thesis. If you need to make a general enquiry, please see the Contact us page.

Actions (repository staff only: login required)