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New Methods for Quantifying X-ray Spectra in a Transmission Electron Microscope

Parri, M C (2014) New Methods for Quantifying X-ray Spectra in a Transmission Electron Microscope. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

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In an effort to develop new methods of analysis and improving quantification accuracy in the transmission electron microscope (TEM) while using energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDXS), several methods have been explored. Some of these methods have been applied to a sample that has a thin layer of some material embedded within a matrix of another material, while others can be applied to any sample that is homogeneous in chemical composition or nearly so. For those methods that are applied to a thin layer embedded within a matrix, several conclusion can be drawn. While each of these methods works in simulations, only two ('absorption matching') provide reasonable results for experimental data. Unfortunately, these results differ considerably for the same sample. The other methods either prove to be so sensitive that the data scatter is too large to draw meaningful conclusions from, or so insensitive that any change of a useful magnitude would not be detected. The remaining methods were found to give good results, particularly when used together. The X-ray intensity ratio from a pair of X-rays from a single spectrum (generally from the same element) can be used to calculate the sample thickness for that spectrum. The second method was a means of plotting a function of the Cliff-Lorimer k-factor as a function of thickness in order to better calculate the effect of absorption. Combined, these two methods can give considerably superior quantification of the chemical composition than when used alone.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Electronic and Electrical Engineering (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.634332
Depositing User: Mr M C Parri
Date Deposited: 22 Jan 2015 15:49
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2016 12:09
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7771

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