White Rose University Consortium logo
University of Leeds logo University of Sheffield logo York University logo

The Real-Time Characterisation of Dry Machine Element Contacts Using Ultrasonic Reflectometry

Brunskill, Henry Peter (2013) The Real-Time Characterisation of Dry Machine Element Contacts Using Ultrasonic Reflectometry. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

H. Brunskill Thesis for Submission.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (6Mb) | Preview


For two components to be in contact, they must be physically touching. If two solids are touching, the contact is by definition inaccessible. How do engineers develop an understanding about a contact if the interface is inaccessible? Load, geometry and material properties govern the contact pressures of touching components. As they move against one another, the result is often wear and this inherently changes the contact behaviour. By understanding how interfaces interact in terms of contact pressure, contact area and wear, components can be optimised to reduce cost and maximise efficiency. Ultrasonic reflectometry has been widely used in medical imaging and non-destructive testing. It is a non-invasive technique that has the ability to probe deep into solid structures and extract information regarding the material and the interface. Two methods have been developed to measure wear in real-time based on ultrasonic time-of-flight and the resonant frequency model. The ultrasonic technique has also been applied to learn more about the contacting parts of machine elements. By analogising the interface asperities as springs, ultrasonic reflectometry can be used to calculate the interfacial stiffness and from this, contact pressure of a tribosystem. Previous work has been limited to laboratory based static measurements. This work builds on this technology to characterise dynamic machine elements with the hopes of developing industrial condition monitoring tools. This thesis is aimed to be a guide for those who wish to use ultrasound as a tool to measure and monitor a dry dynamic tribosystem. More specifically, this work highlights a series of recommendations and pitfalls for ultrasonic measurements of contact pressure and wear in industrial applications.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Additional Information: The technologies presented in this work have been developed further and have been applied accross numerous industrial applications. Please get in contact if you are interested in anything presented here for any other applications. I would be more than happy to discuss it with you.
Keywords: ultrasonics, ultrasonic reflectometry, wear, contact pressure, contact area, tribosystem, real-time measurement
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Mechanical Engineering (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.617115
Depositing User: Mr Henry Peter Brunskill
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2014 12:53
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2016 11:17
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/6494

You do not need to contact us to get a copy of this thesis. Please use the 'Download' link(s) above to get a copy.
You can contact us about this thesis. If you need to make a general enquiry, please see the Contact us page.

Actions (repository staff only: login required)