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Thirty years of landscape design in China (1949-1979): The era of Mao Zedong

Zhao, Jijun (2008) Thirty years of landscape design in China (1949-1979): The era of Mao Zedong. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

The word 'landscape' was often understood in the Chinese context as 'mountains and water' within the scope of traditional garden making. As a result of this tradition, landscape architects first emerging in eariy twentieth century China concerned themselves especially with the design of gardens and parks. This situation remained almost unchanged during the radical socialist revolution, which resulted in the founding of the People's Republic of China in 1949 that was led by Chairman Mao Zedong (1893-1976). During the Mao era (1949-1979), the impact of the Chinese communist ideology on landscape was far-ranging and ground breaking. Besides extensive development of public parks for socialist education as well as recreational purposes, cities were reshaped with large housing areas created for workers - the proletariats, and urban squares playing a crucial role in exhibiting political power, while the countryside was reshaped from a hierarchical landscape with an exploitative nature to an egalitarian one, where the broad masses were to benefit from improvements.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Social Sciences (Sheffield) > Landscape (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.489095
Depositing User: EThOS Import Sheffield
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2014 12:52
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2014 12:52
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/6105

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