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OPTIMISATION OF THE GEOMETRY OF THE DRILL BIT AND PROCESS PARAMETERS FOR CUTTING HYBRID COMPOSITE/METAL STRUCTURES IN NEW AIRCRAFTS

ISBILIR, OZDEN (2012) OPTIMISATION OF THE GEOMETRY OF THE DRILL BIT AND PROCESS PARAMETERS FOR CUTTING HYBRID COMPOSITE/METAL STRUCTURES IN NEW AIRCRAFTS. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

Owing to their desirable strength-to-weight characteristics, carbon fibre reinforced polymer composites have been favorite materials for structural applications in different industries such as aerospace, transport, sports and energy. They provide a weight reduction in whole structure and consequently decrease fuel consumption. The use of lightweight materials such as titanium and its alloys in modern aircrafts has also increased significantly in the last couple of decades. Titanium and its alloys offer high strength/weight ratio, high compressive and tensile strength at high temperatures, low density, excellent corrosion resistance, exceptional erosion resistance, superior fatigue resistance and relatively low modulus of elasticity. Although composite/metal hybrid structures are increasingly used in airframes nowadays, number of studies regarding drilling of composite/metal stacks is very limited. During drilling of multilayer materials different problems may arise due to very different attributes of these materials. Machining conditions of drilling such structures play an important role on tool wear, quality of holes and cost of machining. The research work in this thesis is aimed to investigate drilling of CFRP/Ti6Al4V hybrid structure and to optimize process parameters and drill geometry. The research work consist complete experimental study including drilling tests, in-situ and post measurements and related analysis; and finite element analysis including fully 3-D finite element models. The experimental investigations focused on drilling outputs such as thrust force, torque, delamination, burr formation, surface roughness and tool wear. An algorithm was developed to analyse drilling induced delamination quantitatively based on the images. In the numerical analysis, novel 3-D finite element models of drilling of CFRP, Ti6Al4V and CFRP/Ti6Al4V hybrid structure were developed with the use of 3-D complex drill geometries. A user defined subroutine was developed to model material and failure behaviour of CFRP. The effects of process parameters on drilling outputs have been investigated and compared with the experimental results. The influences of drill bit geometries have been simulated in this study.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: drilling, composite, CFRP, CFC, titanium,finite element analysis, FEA, machining
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Mechanical Engineering (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Mr OZDEN ISBILIR
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2012 10:13
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2013 08:50
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/2890

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