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Developing Fundamental Models of Colloid Transport and Absorption in Sand Filters

Killeen, Matthew (2018) Developing Fundamental Models of Colloid Transport and Absorption in Sand Filters. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

This work was undertaken as part of an Industrial Collaborative Awards in Science and Engineering (iCASE) research programme, jointly funded by the National Nuclear Laboratory (NNL) and the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC). The aim was to probe the mechanisms of clogging of sand bed filters using particle based computer simulation methods. Existing models take a top down approach, making use of an empirical clogging parameter. Simulation holds the prospect of relating this parameter to properties of the effluent and the sand bed. The problem was approached using two computational methods: molecular dynamics, and smooth particle applied mechanics. The molecular dynamics model yielded successful results, qualitatively agreeing with existing experimental data with regards to the rate of deposition within the bed, and the associated observed pressure drop. The model was systematically explored by varying the nature of the colloidfluid-sand forces, the geometry and packing fraction of the sand bed, and the concentration of the colloids. An investigation into the fractal nature of the deposits was also performed, suggesting that a lower fractal dimension creates greater physical hinderance to the flow. This serves as additional validation for existing theories. The smooth particle model yielded less successful results. Substantial parameterisation of the model was undertaken, however, the model still showed signs of instability under certain conditions. Again, it produced qualitative agreement with existing literature, but showed substantial deviation from the results gained from the molecular dynamics model. Ultimately, further parameterisation of this model is required to allow for a more effective comparison of the models.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Materials Science and Engineering (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.770212
Depositing User: Mr Matthew Killeen
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2019 09:24
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 20:07
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/23509

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