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Advanced Technologies for Energy Saving, Wireless Backhaul and Mobility Management in Heterogeneous Networks

Tao, Ran (2019) Advanced Technologies for Energy Saving, Wireless Backhaul and Mobility Management in Heterogeneous Networks. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

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In recent years, due to the increasing number of existing and new devices and applications, the wireless industry has experienced an explosion of data traffic usage. As a result, new wireless technologies have been developed to address the capacity crunch. Long-Term Evolution-Licensed Assisted Access (LTE-LAA) is developed to provide the tremendous capacity by extending LTE to 5 GHz unlicensed spectrum. Hyper-dense small cells deployment is another promising technique that can provide a ten to one hundred times capacity gain by bringing small cells closer to mobile user equipments [1]. In this thesis, I focus on three problems related to these two techniques. In Chapter 3, I present a novel activation and sleep mechanism for energy efficient small cell heterogeneous networks (HetNets). In the cell-edge area of a macrocell, the coverage area of a sleeping small-cell will be covered by a range of expanded small-cells nearby. In contrast, in areas close to the macrocell, user equipment (UE) associated with a sleeping small cell will be distributed to the macrocell. Furthermore, the enhanced inter-cell interference coordination (eICIC) technique is used to support range-expanded small cells to avoid Quality of Service (QoS) degradation. Under both hexagonal and stochastic geometry based models, it is demonstrated that the proposed sleeping mechanism significantly reduces the energy consumption of the network compared with the conventional methods while guaranteeing the QoS requirements. Small cells are currently connected to limited backhaul to reduce the deployment and operational costs. In Chapter 4, an optimisation scheme is proposed for small cells to utilise the bandwidth of macrocells as wireless backhaul. I provide the numerical analysis of the performance of both the targeted small cell and the whole network. In Chapter 5, the mobility management (MM) of heterogeneous and LTE-LAA networks are investigated. To avoid Ping-Pong handover (PPHO) and reduce handover failure rate in HetNets, a self-optimisation algorithm is developed to change the handover parameters of a base station automagically. Furthermore, the MM of LTE-LAA networks is analysed. A new handover mechanism is proposed for LTE-LAA networks. Compared with the conventional LTE networks, LTE-LAA networks trigger the handover not only by using UE mobility, but also by the availability of the unlicensed band. A comprehensive analysis of the handover triggering event and handover procedure is presented. Simulation results show that by introducing handover triggered by available unlicensed band, the ratio of handover to unlicensed spectrum has a significant improvement. Therefore, a noticeable enhanced throughput of UEs is achievable by LTE-LAA networks.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Electronic and Electrical Engineering (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.770239
Depositing User: ran ran tao
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2019 10:24
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 20:07
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/23367

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