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The Role of Entanglement in Quantum Communication, and Analysis of the Detection Loophole

Cope, Thomas (2018) The Role of Entanglement in Quantum Communication, and Analysis of the Detection Loophole. PhD thesis, University of York.

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Abstract

Entanglement is a feature at the heart of quantum information. Its enablement of unusual correlations between particles drives a new wave of communication and computation. This thesis explores some of the ways in which the tools for studying entanglement can be used to quantify the transmission of quantum information, and compares the use of different techniques. We begin this thesis by expanding the technique of teleportation simulation, which adds noise to the entangled resource state to mimic channel effects. By introducing classical noise in the communication step, we show it is possible to simulate more than just Pauli channels using teleportation. This new class is characterised, and studied in detail for a particular resource state, leading to a family of simulable channels named “Pauli-Damping channels” whose properties are analysed. Also introduced are a new family of quantum states, “phase Werner” states, whose entanglement properties relate to the interesting conjecture of bound entangled states with a negative partial transpose. Holevo-Werner channels, to which these states are connected, are shown to be teleportation covariant. We exploit this to present several interesting results, including the optimal estimation of the channel-defining parameter. The minimal binary-discrimination error for Holevo-Werner channels is bounded for the first time with the analytical form of the quantum Chernoff bound. We also consider the secret key capacity of these channels, showing how different entanglement measures provide a better upper bound for different regions of these channels. Finally, a method for generating new Bell inequalities is presented, exploiting nonphysical probability distributions to obtain new inequalities. Tens of thousands of new inequivalent inequalities are generated, and their usefulness in closing the detection loophole for imperfect detectors is examined, with comparison to the current optimal construction. Two candidate Bell inequalities which may equal or beat the best construction are presented.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Related URLs:
Academic Units: The University of York > Computer Science (York)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.770267
Depositing User: Mr Thomas Cope
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2019 16:13
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2020 13:08
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/22955

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