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The spatiotemporal coherence as an indicator of the stability in swirling flows

Farias Moguel, Oscar (2018) The spatiotemporal coherence as an indicator of the stability in swirling flows. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

Combustion has played a key role in the development of human society; it has driven the evolution in the manufacturing processes, transportation, and it is used to produce the vast majority of the global energy consumed. The emission of pollutants from the combustion of fossil fuels in power plants lead to the development of advanced clean energy technologies, such as carbon capture and storage. Oxyfuel combustion is part of the carbon capture and storage techniques, and consists in the replacement of the air as oxidiser in the reaction with a mixture of oxygen and recycled flue gas, thus allowing a rich CO2 out-flow stream that can subsequently be compressed, transported and safely stored. The number of phenomena in combustion that are inherently dynamic impede the convention of a unique conception of flame stability. However, the quantification of the flow repeatability can produce insights on the efficiency of the process. This thesis presents the assessment of the stability in swirling flows through the calculation of their spatiotemporal coherence. The experimental data obtained from a 250 kWth combustor allows the assessment of the flame by means of spectral and oscillation severity analyses. A similar methodology is developed to analyse the data from large eddy simulations. The spectral analysis, the proper orthogonal decomposition and the dynamic mode decomposition have been employed to account for the temporal, spatial and spatiotemporal coherence of the flow, respectively. The spatiotemporal coherence is employed as a comprehensive term for the characterisation of the dynamic behaviour in the swirling flows and as a measurable indicator of the stability. This concept can be incorporated into the design of novel combustion technologies that will lead into a sustained reduction in pollutants and to the mitigation of the noxious effects associated to them.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Coal combustion, CFD, LES, turbulence, swirling flows, reduced-order models
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Mechanical Engineering (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Mr Oscar Farias Moguel
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2018 11:15
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2019 12:45
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/22434

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