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Classification of Resting-State fMRI using Evolutionary Algorithms: Towards a Brain Imaging Biomarker for Parkinson’s Disease

Dehsarvi, Amir (2018) Classification of Resting-State fMRI using Evolutionary Algorithms: Towards a Brain Imaging Biomarker for Parkinson’s Disease. PhD thesis, University of York.

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Abstract

It is commonly accepted that accurate early diagnosis and monitoring of neurodegenerative conditions is essential for effective disease management and delivery of medication and treatment. This research develops automatic methods for detecting brain imaging preclinical biomarkers for Parkinson’s disease (PD) by considering the novel application of evolutionary algorithms. An additional novel element of this work is the use of evolutionary algorithms to both map and predict the functional connectivity in patients using rs-fMRI data. Specifically, Cartesian Genetic Programming was used to classify dynamic causal modelling data as well as timeseries data. The findings were validated using two other commonly used classification methods (Artificial Neural Networks and Support Vector Machines) and by employing k-fold cross-validation. Across dynamic causal modelling and timeseries analyses, findings revealed maximum accuracies of 75.21% for early stage (prodromal) PD patients in which patients reveal no motor symptoms versus healthy controls, 85.87% for PD patients versus prodromal PD patients, and 92.09% for PD patients versus healthy controls. Prodromal PD patients were classified from healthy controls with high accuracy – this is notable and represents the key finding since current methods of diagnosing prodromal PD have low reliability and low accuracy. Furthermore, Cartesian Genetic Programming provided comparable performance accuracy relative to Artificial Neural Networks and Support Vector Machines. Nevertheless, evolutionary algorithms enable us to decode the classifier in terms of understanding the data inputs that are used, more easily than in Artificial Neural Networks and Support Vector Machines. Hence, these findings underscore the relevance of both dynamic causal modelling analyses for classification and Cartesian Genetic Programming as a novel classification tool for brain imaging data with medical implications for disease diagnosis, particularly in early stages 5-20 years prior to motor symptoms.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of York > Electronics (York)
Depositing User: Dr Amir Dehsarvi
Date Deposited: 31 Jul 2018 13:29
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 00:18
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/20884

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