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Pairwise Preferences Learning for Recommender Systems

Qomariyah, Nunung Nurul (2018) Pairwise Preferences Learning for Recommender Systems. PhD thesis, University of York.

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Abstract

Preference learning (PL) plays an important role in machine learning research and practice. PL works with an ordinal dataset, used frequently in areas such as behavioural science, medical science, education, psychology and social science. The aim of PL is to predict the preference for a new set of items based on the training data. In the application area of Recommender Systems (RSs), PL is used as an important element to produce good recommendations. Many ideas have been developed to build better recommendation techniques. One of the challenges in RSs is how to develop systems that are proactive and unobtrusive. To address this problem, we have studied the use of pairwise comparisons in preference elicitation as a very simple way of expressing preferences. Research in PL has also discovered this kind of representation and considers it to be learning from binary relations. There are three contributions in this thesis: The first and the most significant contribution is a new approach based on Inductive Logic Programming (ILP) in Description Logics (DL) representation to learn the relation of order. The second contribution is a strategy based on Active Learning (AL) to support the inference process and make choices more informative for learning purposes. A third contribution is a recommender system algorithm based on the ILP in DL approach, implemented in a real-world recommender system with a large used-car dataset. The proposed approach has been evaluated by using both offline and online experiments. The offline experiments were performed using two publicly available preference datasets, while the online experiment was conducted using 24 participants to evaluate the system. In the offline experiments, the overall accuracy of our proposed approach outperformed the other 3 baseline algorithms, SVM, Decision Tree and Aleph. In the online experiment, the user study also showed some satisfactory results in which our proposed pairwise comparisons interface in a recommender system beat a common standard list interface.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: preference learning, recommender system, pairwise comparisons, inductive logic programming, inductive learning, logic based approach, description logics
Academic Units: The University of York > Computer Science (York)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.745787
Depositing User: Nunung Nurul Qomariyah
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2018 09:41
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2018 15:24
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/20365

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