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Inhomogeneous Diophantine approximation, M_0 sets and projections of fractals.

Zafeiropoulos, Agamemnon (2017) Inhomogeneous Diophantine approximation, M_0 sets and projections of fractals. PhD thesis, University of York.

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Abstract

The thesis deals with two main subjects, one being metric Diophantine approximation and the other Fractal Geometry. As far as the first subject is concerned, the results presented lie in the setup of inhomogeneous Diophantine approximation. The following is shown: suppose $\ca{A}=(q_n)_{n=1}^{\infty}\subseteq \mathbb{N}$ is a lacunary sequence and $\mu$ is a probability measure with Fourier transform of a prescribed logarithmic decay rate. Then for any $\gamma\in\mathbb{R}$ and any decreasing approximating function $\psi:\mathbb{N}\rightarrow \mathbb{R}^+$, the set $W_{\ca{A}}(\gamma,\psi)= \{x \in [0,1) : \|q_nx - \gamma\| \leq \psi(q_n) \text{\ for i.m. } n\in\mathbb{N} \}$ satisfies a Khintchine-type law with respect to the measure $\mu$. This result builds on the work of Pollington and Velani. It is also shown that $W(\gamma,\psi)$ is a Salem set, generalising a result of Kaufman. Regarding Fractal Geometry, we present a refinement of Marstrand's famous projection theorem for arbitrary dimension functions. We state an analogue of Kaufman's result on the dimension of the set of angles of exceptional projections and discuss on the necessity of the conditions imposed in our main theorem.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of York > Mathematics (York)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.727361
Depositing User: Mr Agamemnon Zafeiropoulos
Date Deposited: 22 Nov 2017 13:37
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2018 15:23
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/18705

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  • Inhomogeneous Diophantine approximation, M_0 sets and projections of fractals. (deposited 22 Nov 2017 13:37) [Currently Displayed]

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