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Modular Multilevel Cascaded Flying Capacitor STATCOM for Balanced and Unbalanced Load Compensation

Oghorada, Oghenewvogaga (2017) Modular Multilevel Cascaded Flying Capacitor STATCOM for Balanced and Unbalanced Load Compensation. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

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Voltage and current unbalance are major problems in distribution networks, particularly with the integration of distributed generation systems. One way of mitigating these issues is by injecting negative sequence current into the distribution network using a Static Synchronous Compensator (STATCOM) which normally also regulates the voltage and power factor. The benefits of modularity and scalability offered by Modular Multilevel Cascaded Converters (MMCC) make them suitable for STATCOM application. A number of different types of MMCC may be used, classified according to the sub-module circuit topology used. Their performance features and operational ranges for unbalanced load compensation are evaluated and quantified in this research. This thesis investigates the use of both single star and single delta configured five-level Flying Capacitor (FC) converter MMCC based STATCOMs for unbalanced load compensation. A detailed study is carried out to compare this type of sub-module with several other types namely: half bridge, 3-L H-bridge and 3-L FC half bridge, and reveals the one best suited to STATCOM operation. With the choice of 5-L FC H-bridge as the sub-module for STATCOM operation, a detailed investigation is also performed to decide which pulse width modulation technique is the best. This was based on the assessment of total harmonic distortion, power loss, sub-module switch utilization and natural balancing of inner flying capacitors. Two new modulation techniques of swapped-carrier PWM (SC-PWM) along with phase disposed and phase shifted PWM (PS-PWM) are analyzed under these four performance metrics. A novel contribution of this research is the development of a new space vector modulation technique using an overlapping hexagon technique. This space vector strategy offers benefits of eliminating control complexity and improving waveform quality, unlike the case of multilevel space vector technique. The simulation and experimental results show that this method provides superior performance and is applicable for other MMCC sub-modules. Another contribution is the analysis and quantification of operating ranges of both single star and delta MMCCs in rating the cluster dc-link voltage (star) and current (delta) for unbalanced load compensation. A novel method of extending the operating capabilities of both configurations uses a third harmonic injection method. An experimental investigation validates the operating range extension compared to the pure sinusoidal zero sequence voltage and current injection. Also, the superiority of the single delta configured MMCC for unbalanced loading compensation is validated.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: STATCOM, Modular Multilevel Cascaded Converter, Flying Capacitors
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Electronic & Electrical Engineering (Leeds) > Institute of Integrated Information Systems (Leeds)
Date Deposited: 30 Oct 2017 10:21
Last Modified: 01 Mar 2020 01:18
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/18372

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