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Modelling of high power density electrical machines for aerospace.

Powell, David James (2004) Modelling of high power density electrical machines for aerospace. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

This thesis is concerned with the electrical, thermal and mechanical modelling of electrical machines for the 'more-electric' aircraft. Two specific applications are considered viz. a permanent magnet brush less DC (BLDC) machine for an electrohydraulic actuator for a primary flight control surface, and a switched reluctance (SR) starter/generator for the HP spool of a large civil aero-engine. As a consequence of the highly variable and often hostile ambient environment and constrained available space envelope, these electrical machines can rarely be designed in isolation, with thermal and mechanical constraints often having a significant influence on the design. In view of these considerations, a transient lumped parameter thermal model has been developed for the BLDC machine, and validated by experimental measurements on a prototype machine at various stages of manufacture. Since the rotor cavity of the BLDC machine is flooded with hydraulic fluid leaking from the pump, fluid friction losses have been modelled, and validated by tests on a prototype machine. Optimisation of the BLDC machine airgap has also been investigated using analytical electromagneticlfluiddynamic modelling. Detailed investigation of the mechanical stresses in the rotor of the HP spool machine have led to the development of a novel rotor structure for SR machines which is shown to have comparable electromagnetic performance with a conventional SR machine. A specific design of SR machine is analysed in detail in terms of dynamic current waveforms and the subsequent iron losses, and its thermal performance is modelled in a representative aero-engine environment.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Electronic and Electrical Engineering (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.544369
Depositing User: EThOS Import Sheffield
Date Deposited: 30 Nov 2016 14:59
Last Modified: 30 Nov 2016 14:59
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/15158

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