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Statistical anatomical modelling for efficient and personalised spine biomechanical models

Castro Mateos, Isaac (2016) Statistical anatomical modelling for efficient and personalised spine biomechanical models. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

Isaac Castro Mateos - Statistical anatomical modelling for efficient and personalised spine biomechanical models.pdf
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Personalised medicine is redefining the present and future of healthcare by increasing treatment efficacy and predicting diseases before they actually manifest. This innovative approach takes into consideration patient’s unique genes, environment, and lifestyle. An essential component is physics-based simulations, which allows the outcome of a treatment or a disease to be replicated and visualised using a computer. The main requirement to perform this type of simulation is to build patient-specific models. These models require the extraction of realistic object geometries from images, as well as the detection of diseases or deformities to improve the estimation of the material properties of the studied object. The aim of this thesis was the design of a general framework for creating patient- specific models for biomechanical simulations using a framework based on statistical shape models. The proposed methodology was tested on the construction of spine models, including vertebrae and intervertebral discs (IVD). The proposed framework is divided into three well-defined components: The paramount and first step is the extraction of the organ or anatomical structure from medical images. In the case of the spine, IVDs and vertebrae were extracted from Magnetic Resonance images (MRI) and Computed Tomography (CT), respectively. The second step is the classification of objects according to different factors, for instance, bones by its type and grade of fracture or IVDs by its degree of degeneration. This process is essential to properly model material properties, which depends on the possible pathologies of the tissue. The last component of the framework is the creation of the patient-specific model itself by combining the information from previous steps. The behaviour of the developed algorithms was tested using different datasets of spine images from both computed tomography (CT) and Magnetic resonance (MR) images from different institutions, type of population and image resolution.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Electronic and Electrical Engineering (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.692445
Depositing User: Mr. Isaac Castro Mateos
Date Deposited: 16 Aug 2016 15:40
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2016 13:19
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/13802

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