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Thermal comfort and energy efficiency in Yemeni houses.

Al-Shibami, Fuad Hamoud (2004) Thermal comfort and energy efficiency in Yemeni houses. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

The question posed in this thesis is: by incorporate traditional architecture forms and design features, can new housing provide thermal comfort without the need for excessive use of air- conditioning as is the case in current new building methods and designs. There has been some evidence that the new type of housing being built in the hot areas in Yemen has inherently produced unacceptable comfort conditions resulting in a greater use of air conditioning while the traditional housing naturally provided more comfortable conditions and did not need to use air conditioning. This thesis investigated the effect of different building materials on both human comfort and energy consumption in domestic buildings in the Yemen with special reference to the City of Seiyun. The methodology used in this thesis was divided into two parts. The first part dealt with a questionnaire and building monitoring relating to the perceived thermal comfort inside three types of houses and the use of fans and/or air conditioning to maintain thermal comfort. Based on the results of this survey a computer model was calibrated and used to carry out a parametric study into the choice of building materials and architectural design to optimise the design of housing to minimise the use of air conditioning. The results of the survey indicated that occupants were more dissatisfied with their internal environment in housing constructed of concrete than in traditional housing and also they used a significant amount of air conditioning to maintain thermal comfort. The main conclusion to be drawn from this work was that it was possible to design new housing in such a way so as to reduce the demand for air conditioning and at the same time provide thermal comfort and inhabitant satisfaction with building appearance. Also one of the most effective design features was the use of a courtyard with a high thermal mass.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Social Sciences (Sheffield) > School of Architecture (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.414636
Depositing User: EThOS Import Sheffield
Date Deposited: 31 May 2016 14:03
Last Modified: 31 May 2016 14:03
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/12842

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