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Conjugate Transfer Processes in a Pilot-Scale Unbaffled Agitated Vessel with a Plain Jacket

Bentham, Erik James (2015) Conjugate Transfer Processes in a Pilot-Scale Unbaffled Agitated Vessel with a Plain Jacket. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

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Conjugate flow and heat transfer has been investigated in an unbaffled pilot-scale stirred tank reactor with a plain jacket. The vessel volume was 25 litres with a nominal capacity of 20 litres. Experiments and three-dimensional CFD simulations have been conducted on this vessel. The experiments involved heating, boiling, and cooling of methanol as well as water. The heat transfer medium in the jacket was an oil mixture called ‘DW-Therm’. The CFD simulations of some aspects of these experiments have been broken down into jacket-only and process-only simulations, followed by a fully conjugate simulation. The link between flow patterns, pressure drop and heat transfer in conventional jackets of stirred tank reactors has been analysed. The experiments and CFD simulations have been performed using a range of DW-Therm inlet temperatures. The CFD results were compared with experimental data of temperature measurements and with the use of engineering correlations found in the literature to predict heat transfer coefficients from the experimental data. The simulations produced values of total heat transferred by the jacket within 10% of the experimental results. The simulations of boiling inside the vessel approximated a constant process temperature which was used to investigate the jacket-only phenomena. The process-only and the conjugate simulations simulated heating of water inside the vessel. Mathematical analysis as well as and industrially and academically used correlations from the literature were used to estimate heat transfer coefficients for boiling and external heat loss. These correlations for overall heat transfer coefficients overlook maldistribution of heat transfer coefficients in jackets that use a liquid heat transfer medium. This is industrially important because it provides new information to consider when maintaining highly temperature-dependent processes, in which adequate heat transfer to or from the process is required. This could be for a variety of reasons, from maintenance of product quality to preventing runaway reactions.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: heat transfer, fluid flow, pilot scale, batch process, chemical reactor, stirred tank, jacketed vessel, plain jacket, CFD, mathematical modelling
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Chemical and Process Engineering (Leeds)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.682738
Depositing User: Mr Erik James Bentham
Date Deposited: 14 Apr 2016 08:15
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2016 15:45
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/12381

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