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Coefficient Identification Problems in Heat Transfer

Hussein, Mohammed Sabah (2016) Coefficient Identification Problems in Heat Transfer. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

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Abstract

The aim of this thesis is to find the numerical solution for various coefficient identification problems in heat transfer and extend the possibility of simultaneous determination of several physical properties. In particular, the problems of coefficient identification in a fixed or moving domain for one and multiple unknowns are investigated. These inverse problems are solved subject to various types of overdetermination conditions such as non-local, heat flux, Cauchy data, mass/energy specification, general integral type overdetermination, time-average condition, time-average of heat flux, Stefan condition and heat momentum of the first and second order. The difficulty associated with these problems is that they are ill-posed, as their solutions are unstable to inclusion of random noise in input data, therefore traditional techniques fail to provide accurate and stable solutions. Throughout this thesis, the Crank-Nicolson finite-difference method (FDM) is mainly used as a direct solver except in Chapter 7 where a three-level scheme is employed in order to deal with the nonlinear heat equation. An explicit FDM scheme is also employed in Chapter 10 for the two-dimensional case. The inverse problems investigated are discretised using the FDM and recast as nonlinear least-squares minimization problems with simple bounds on the unknown coefficients. The resulting problem is efficiently solved using the \emph{fmincon} or \emph{lsqnonlin} routines from MATLAB optimization toolbox. The Tikhonov regularization method is included where necessary. The choice of the regularization parameter(s) is thoroughly discussed. The stability of the numerical solution is investigated by introducing Gaussian random noise into the input data. The numerical solutions are compared with their known analytical solution, where available, and with the corresponding direct problem numerical solution where no analytical solution is available.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Heat equation; Inverse source problem; Tikhonov regularization method, Nonlinear optimization, Finite-difference method.
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences (Leeds) > School of Mathematics (Leeds) > Applied Mathematics (Leeds)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.682280
Depositing User: Mr Mohammed Sabah Hussein
Date Deposited: 13 Apr 2016 08:18
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2016 15:45
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/12291

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