Lahtinen, Ville Tapani (2010) Interacting non-Abelian anyons in an exactly solvable lattice model. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.
In this thesis, we study the non-Abelian anyons that emerge as vortices in Ki-taev's honeycomb spin lattice model. By generalizing the solution of the model, we explicity demonstrate the non-Abelian fusion rules and the braid statistics that charaterize the anyons. This is based on showing the presence of vortices leads to zero modes in the spectrum. These can acquire finite energy due to short range vortex-vortex interactions. By studying the spectral evolution as a function of the vortex seperation, we unambigously identify the zero modes with the fusion degrees of freedom of non-Abelian anyons. To calculate the non-Abelian statistics, we show how the vortex transport can be implemented through local manipulation of the couplings. This enables us to employ the eigenstates of the model to simulate a process where a vortex winds around another. The corresponding evolution of the degenerate ground state space is given by a Berry phase, which under suitable conditions coincides with the statistics. By considering a range of finite size systems, we find a physical regime where the Berry phase gives the predicted statistics of the anoyonic vortices with high fidelity. Finally we study the full-vortex sector of the model and find that is supports a previously undiscovered topological phase. This new phase emerges from the phase with non-Abelian anyons due to their interactions. To study the transitions between the different topological phases appearing in the model, we consider Fermi surface, whose topology captures the long-range properties. Each phase is found to be characterized by a distinct number of Fermi points, with the number depending on distinct global Hamiltonian symmetries. To study how the Fermi surfaces evolve into each other at phase transitions, we consider the low-energy field theory that is described by Dirac fermions. We show that phase transition driving perturbations translate to a coupling to chiral gauge fields, that always lead to Fermi point transport. By studying this transport, we obtain analytically the extended phase space of the model and its properties.
|Item Type:||Thesis (PhD)|
|Academic Units:||The University of Leeds > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences (Leeds) > School of Physics and Astronomy (Leeds)|
|Depositing User:||Ethos Import|
|Date Deposited:||07 Oct 2010 13:19|
|Last Modified:||07 Mar 2014 11:23|