White Rose University Consortium logo
University of Leeds logo University of Sheffield logo York University logo

Are social connections associated with health and wellbeing in a context of social disadvantage and ethnic diversity? A study of Pakistani and White British women and infants in the Born in Bradford cohort.

Uphoff, Eleonora PMM (2015) Are social connections associated with health and wellbeing in a context of social disadvantage and ethnic diversity? A study of Pakistani and White British women and infants in the Born in Bradford cohort. PhD thesis, University of York.

[img]
Preview
Other (PDF)
Complete_thesis_afterVIVA.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (7Mb) | Preview

Abstract

Social disadvantage extends beyond a lack of income and basic necessities, to being deprived of the material and social resources required to lead a happy, healthy and fulfilling life. The focus of this study is on the role of social connections in relation to health, in a context of social disadvantage and ethnic diversity. In this thesis I aim to study the associations between ethnic density, social capital and health for Pakistani and White British mothers and infants in the Born in Bradford study. Data from the Born in Bradford cohort were linked with area-level data to create a multilevel dataset of 4,357 Pakistani and 3,869 White British mother-infant pairs. While own ethnic density was not associated with birth weight or preterm birth, higher South Asian density was associated with lower odds of smoking for both Pakistani and White British women. Although levels of social capital seemed to be low and levels of social disadvantage were high, different indicators of social capital were associated with health outcomes for Pakistani and White British mothers and infants. There was some evidence to suggest that social capital provides health benefits especially to those in disadvantaged circumstances. Social disadvantage for Pakistani women and infants in particular proved hard to capture with measures of individual socioeconomic status and area deprivation, and social gradients in health were attenuated for Pakistani women and infants in the Born in Bradford study and the Millennium Cohort Study. The associations between social resources and health vary by ethnic group, social status, and health outcome, and there is no strong evidence that the promotion of social capital is a useful public health strategy. Greater social equality together with the social inclusion of minority groups are likely to provide the ideal context in which social capital can thrive, regardless of the social or ethnic composition of neighbourhoods.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: social capital; maternal health; child health; inequality; ethnic; UK
Academic Units: The University of York > Health Sciences (York)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.657029
Depositing User: Eleonora PMM Uphoff
Date Deposited: 21 Jul 2015 10:58
Last Modified: 08 Sep 2016 13:32
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/9341

You do not need to contact us to get a copy of this thesis. Please use the 'Download' link(s) above to get a copy.
You can contact us about this thesis. If you need to make a general enquiry, please see the Contact us page.

Actions (repository staff only: login required)