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Use of heterocomplementary hydrogen bonding motifs for supramolecular materials chemistry

Houton, Kelly Ann (2015) Use of heterocomplementary hydrogen bonding motifs for supramolecular materials chemistry. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

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Abstract

Hydrogen bonding is one of the most useful of the non-covalent interactions. Highly directional and easily tuneable, the strength of hydrogen bonded arrays enable controlled assembly of macromolecular structures. Because association can be designed to be selective, self-assembly involving low-molecular-weight amides and ureas has been expanded to higher order polymeric structures, so called ‘supramolecular polymers’. Chapter 1 introduces and develops upon the current themes of research in small-molecule hydrogen bonding, and the subsequent application towards the assembly of supramolecular polymers, in particular polyurethanes. The Wilson group is focused on the development of orthogonal recognition pathways, and their future application in the controlled assembly of polymers. The work presented in this thesis, therefore focuses on the development of self-sorting cascades- where molecules capable of hydrogen bonding have defined partners at specific stages of the cascade. Selecting two heterocomplementary hydrogen bonding arrays, and using them to form supramolecular polymers then advance this. Chapter 2 introduces the design and investigation of these self-sorting pathways involving hydrogen bonding arrays reported both in the literature and from within the Wilson group. The application of two of these hydrogen bonding motifs to assemble supramolecular polyurethanes is described in Chapter 3. The effect of the thermal history of supramolecular polyurethanes is then investigated, highlighting the change in response to thermal stimuli dependent on previous processing and treatment. The latter part of Chapter 3 introduces a ‘toolbox’ for supramolecular chemists, whereby components of the supramolecular polymer are changed systematically to gauge effect on subsequent mechanical properties. The synthetic route to supramolecular polymers is then discussed in Chapter 4, and the evolution of a solvent-free route to this particular class of polyurethanes is realised.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: polymers, chemistry, polyurethanes, hydrogen bonding, molecular recognition
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences (Leeds) > School of Chemistry (Leeds)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.651251
Depositing User: Miss K A Houton
Date Deposited: 22 Jun 2015 11:00
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2018 09:50
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/9217

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