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The resilience of road transport networks redundancy, vulnerability and mobility characteristics

EL Rashidy, Rawia Ahmed Hassan (2014) The resilience of road transport networks redundancy, vulnerability and mobility characteristics. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

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Abstract

This thesis is concerned with the development of a composite resilience index for road transport networks. The index employs three characteristics, namely redundancy, vulnerability and mobility, measuring resilience at network junction, link and origin-destination levels, respectively. Various techniques have been adopted to quantify each characteristic and the composite resilience index as summarised below. The redundancy indicator for road transport network junctions is based on the entropy concept, due to its ability to measure the system configuration in addition to being able to model the inherent uncertainty in road transport network conditions. Various system parameters based on different combinations of link flow, relative link spare capacity and relative link speed were examined. The developed redundancy indicator covers the static aspect of redundancy, i.e. alternative paths, and the dynamic feature of redundancy reflected by the availability of spare capacity under different network loading and service level. The vulnerability indicator for road transport network links is developed by combining vulnerability attributes (e.g. link capacity, flow, length, free flow and traffic congestion density) with different weights using a new methodology based on fuzzy logic and exhaustive search optimisation techniques. Furthermore, the network vulnerability indicators are calculated using two different aggregations: an aggregated vulnerability indicator based on physical characteristics and the other based on operational characteristics. The mobility indicator for road transport networks is formulated from two mobility attributes reflecting the physical connectivity and level of service. The combination of the two mobility attributes into a single mobility indicator is achieved by a fuzzy logic approach. Finally, the interdependence of the proposed characteristics is explored and the composite resilience index is estimated from the aggregation of the three characteristics indicators using two different approaches, namely equal weighting and principal component analysis methods. Moreover, the impact of real-time travel information on the proposed resilience characteristics and the composite resilience index has been investigated. The application of the proposed methodology on a synthetic road transport network of Delft city (Netherlands) and other real life case studies shows that the developed indicators for the three characteristics and the composite resilience index responded well to traffic load change and supply variations. The developed composite resilience index will be of use in various ways; first, helping decision makers in understanding the dynamic nature of resilience under different disruptive events, highlighting weaknesses in the network and future planning to mitigate the impact of disruptive events. Furthermore, each developed indicator for the three characteristics considered can be used as a tool to assess the effectiveness of different management policies or technologies to improve the overall network performance or the daily operation of road transport networks.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Resilience, Road traffic networks, Redundancy, Vulnerability, Mobility, Fuzzy Logic.
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Environment (Leeds) > Institute of Transport Studies (Leeds)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.640607
Depositing User: Dr Rawia Ahmed Hassan EL Rashidy
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2015 11:52
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2015 13:48
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7782

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