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Coherent spectroscopy of single quantum dots

Quilter, John Howard (2014) Coherent spectroscopy of single quantum dots. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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This thesis presents experiments carried out into the coherent properties of charge carriers confined within a single InGaAs/GaAs quantum dot. Specifically the ground state - single exciton qubit system is controlled with ultrafast optical pulses and then the population of the dot is measured by a high-sensitivity photocurrent detection technique. There are two principal results of these experiments, firstly by modulating the bias applied to the quantum dot diode, the detection efficiency of the photocurrent measurement technique is enhanced. The enhancement is possible as the modulated bias allows fast switching of the voltage-dependent carrier tunneling rates. Secondly, when the transition is addressed by an intense, positively detuned laser, the qubit system can be driven to a population inversion. This occurs due to phonon-assisted relaxation of the optical dressed states of the system. Here, the rapid thermalization due to the exciton-phonon interaction actually enables the population inversion, instead of simply being a source of decoherence.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Quantum dot, ulrafast optics, coherent control, GaAs, InGaAs, phonons, excitons, semiconductor electrons and holes, semiconductor physics, qubit
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield)
The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > Physics and Astronomy (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.634327
Depositing User: John Howard Quilter
Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2015 15:49
Last Modified: 03 Oct 2016 12:09
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7711

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