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A search for photons of energy above 6 × 10¹⁸ eV using data from the Water-Cherenkov detectors of the Pierre Auger Observatory

Lu, Lu (2014) A search for photons of energy above 6 × 10¹⁸ eV using data from the Water-Cherenkov detectors of the Pierre Auger Observatory. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

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Abstract

It is important to develop methods to search for photons in the ultra-high energy cosmic ray beam. Photons above 6 × 10¹⁸ eV can be created if thehighest energy cosmic rays are dominated by light nuclei (such as protons) but not if the primaries are dominated by heavy nuclei such as iron. In this thesis a new method is developed to attempt to distinguish showers initiated by photons from those initiated by hadrons. Data from January 2004 to March 2014 that have zenith angle 0 < θ < 60˚ are used in the analysis. This is the first time that a parameter based on the surface detectors from the Pierre Auger Observatory is valid for the entire zenith angle range and even for energies below 10¹⁹ eV. 81, 9, 2, 0 and 0 photon-like events were found for the energies above 10¹⁸·⁸, 10¹⁹, 2 × 10¹⁹, 3 × 10¹⁹ and 4 × 10¹⁹ eV respectively (all photon candidates are considered as hadronic background). The upper limit (95% c.l.) of the photon flux compared to previous analyses that were obtained by other methods has been improved by a factor of 3.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Related URLs:
Keywords: ultra high energy cosmic ray, ultra high energy photon, Pierre Auger observatory, photon-hadron separation, entity method.
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Maths and Physical Sciences (Leeds) > School of Physics and Astronomy (Leeds)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.634280
Depositing User: Miss L Lu
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2015 11:39
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2015 13:47
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/7354

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