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Developing SABRE as an analytical tool in NMR

Lloyd, Lyrelle Stacey (2013) Developing SABRE as an analytical tool in NMR. PhD thesis, University of York.

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Abstract

Work presented in this thesis centres around the application of the new hyperpolarisation technique, SABRE, within nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, focusing on optimisation of the technique to characterise small organic molecules. While pyridine was employed as a model substrate, studies on a range of molecules are investigated including substituted pyridines, quinolines, thiazoles and indoles are detailed. Initial investigations explored how the properties of the SABRE catalyst effect the extent of polarisation transfer exhibited. The most important of these properties proved to be the rate constants for loss of pyridine and hydrides as these define the contact time of pyridine with the parahydrogen derived hydride ligands in the metal template. The effect of changing the temperature, solvent or concentration of substrate or catalyst are rationalised. For instance, the catalyst ICy(a) exhibits relatively slow ligand exchange rates and increasing the temperature during hyperpolarisation increases the observed signal enhancements. These studies have revealed a second polarisation transfer template can be used with SABRE in which two substrate molecules are bound. This allows the possibility of investigation of larger substrates which might otherwise be too sterically encumbered to bind. Another significant advance relates to the first demonstration that SABRE can be used in conjunction with an automated system designed with Bruker allowing the acquisition of scan averaged, phase cycled and traditional 2D spectra. The system also allowed investigations into the effect of the polarisation transfer field and application of that knowledge to collect single-scan 13C data for characterisation. The successful acquisition of 1H NOESY, 1H-1H COSY, 1H-13C 2D and ultrafast 1H-1H COSY NMR sequences is detailed for a 10 mM concentration sample, with 1H data collected for a 1 mM sample. A range of studies which aim to demonstrate the applicability of SABRE to the characterisation of small molecules and pharmaceuticals have been conducted.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: hyperpolarisation, NMR, NHC-catalyst
Academic Units: The University of York > Chemistry (York)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.572395
Depositing User: Miss Lyrelle Stacey Lloyd
Date Deposited: 29 May 2013 14:24
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2018 15:20
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/3972

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