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Biophysical investigation of bacterial aggregation

Eboigbodin, Kevin Efosa (2008) Biophysical investigation of bacterial aggregation. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

In nature, bacteria usually exist as aggregates, in order to withstand changes in environmental conditions. Bacterial aggregation is of great significance in the field of biotechnology, environmental studies and medicine. Bacterial aggregation is thought to be governed by physical forces such Van der Waals and electrostatic interaction. However, extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), and the ability. of bacteria ·to participate in cell-to-cell communication via quorum sensing molecules have also been implicated in the bacterial aggregation. process. Despite the wealth of knowledge available, a detailed understanding of bacterial aggregation still remains unclear. The overall aim of this work therefore, is to understand bacterial aggregation at the cellular and sub-cellular level using existing colloidal characterisation techniques and post genomic methods. This will enable both the biological and the physical aspects of aggregation to be studied together. E.coli strains (AB1157, MG1655 and MG1655 luxS) were cultivated in Luria-Bertani (LB) medium at 30°C supplemented with or without 0.5 w/v (%) glucose at the beginning of growth phase. Depletion aggregation studies were carried out using E.coli AB1157 and E.coli MG1655 harvested at different growth phases using a nonadsorbing polymer, sodium polystyrene sulphonate (SPS) and biological produced extracellular polymeric substances (EPS) respectively. The content of EPS produced by E.coli MG1655 during their growth in different media w~s quantified and characterized using Fourier transformation infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), SDS-PAGE and an electrospray ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. The changes in cell surface properties of E.coli strains during growth, changes in media composition and quorum sensing were elucidated using potentiometric titration, FTIR and electrophoretic mobility. Neither quorum sensing, nor the addition of 0.5 w/v (%) glucose affected the growth pattern for the strains. However, the addition of 0.5 w/v (%) glucose to the medium affected the measurable amount of quorum sensing molecule present in the supernatant. Aggregation of E. coli was found to be dependent on the concentration and type of polymer used, as well as the surface chemistry of the cell. The cell surface functional groups, such as such as, hydroxyl, phosphoryl, amines and carboxylate groups varied with respect to different growth phase and changes in media. The protein content of free-EPS was found to significantly increase due to changes in growth phase and media composition. The growth phase, changes in media and quorum sensing all affected the cell surface properties and hence played a role in the aggregation capability of E.coli.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Chemical and Biological Engineering (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.486458
Depositing User: EThOS Import Sheffield
Date Deposited: 13 May 2013 14:58
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2013 08:52
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/3625

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