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United Nations Involvement in Cambodia: A Critical Appraisal of the UN Contribution to the Development of International Law and the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights in Cambodia

Ney, Sam Ol (2019) United Nations Involvement in Cambodia: A Critical Appraisal of the UN Contribution to the Development of International Law and the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights in Cambodia. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

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Abstract

The level of United Nations (UN) involvement in Cambodia is unprecedented. The United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia (UNTAC) was the largest deployment of UN personnel, both civilian and military. It was a costly operation in terms of the amount of money spent. UN human rights involvement in Cambodia during this time and the period afterward is also unprecedented. Indeed, the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Cambodia (OHCHR) was the first, and became the longest lasting, field office established outside of Geneva. Also, the mandate of Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Cambodia became the longest positional mandate in the history of the UN human rights system. A hybrid ad hoc Court, which was established by back and forth negotiation between the United Nations and Cambodia became known as the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), and it often witnessed clashes of legal interpretation between its national and international components, and this makes up its unique character. Studies have already been published about United Nations involvement in Cambodia, but these only shed light on certain historical, social, cultural, political, economic, and diplomatic characteristics. A comprehensive and critical legal assessment of United Nations involvement in Cambodia has never been properly undertaken. Therefore, a number of critical legal questions remain, including, why is the OHCHR and the position of Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Cambodia still relevant so far? Also, what is the legacy of the United Nations’ involvement in Cambodia for the wider world in general and for Cambodia in particular? This thesis presents an analysis of the contribution of the United Nations to the promotion and protection of human rights, to multi-party liberal democracy, and to the rule of law in Cambodia, as well as to the development of international law in general. The paper will also flesh out the successes and failures of UN involvement in the political affairs of Cambodia. The research seeks to uncover new legal insights for jurists, international legal experts, and scholars, and for those looking to delve deeper into the international and municipal legal features of UN involvement in Cambodia. It also seeks to examine the impact of UN involvement in Cambodia on the development of international law, United Nations law, international humanitarian law, international human rights law, and international criminal law, as well as the UN’s goal to build a Cambodia that is underpinned by liberal democratic values.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Human Rights, United Nations Transitional Authority in Cambodia, Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Cambodia, Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights in Cambodia, Khmer Rouge Tribunal
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Law (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Law (Leeds) > School of Law (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Law (Leeds) > School of Law (Leeds) > Centre for Criminal Justice Studies (Leeds)
Depositing User: SAM OL NEY
Date Deposited: 07 May 2020 07:39
Last Modified: 07 May 2020 07:39
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/26434

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