White Rose University Consortium logo
University of Leeds logo University of Sheffield logo York University logo

The role of informal institutions in early-stage entrepreneurship

Albihany, Naeem (2019) The role of informal institutions in early-stage entrepreneurship. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

[img]
Preview
Text
Naeem's Albihany PhD thesis.pdf
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (4Mb) | Preview

Abstract

This thesis contributes to the literature that has sought to understand the Arabic socio-cultural phenomenon of ‘wasta’ in different aspects of business life. Until now, the relationship between using personal connections (“wasta”) to achieve goals and early-stage entrepreneurship has been neglected. The aim of thesis is to evaluate the role of “wasta” in early stage entrepreneurship in Saudi Arabia. To do so, the thesis examines how wasta, as an informal institution, affects four entrepreneurial domains: liabilities of newness; entrepreneurial orientations; tax morality and the level of start-ups’ formality. Wasta is here measured on both supply and demand sides including the institutions, activities, rewards and people participating in exchanging wasta with entrepreneurs. An exploratory sequential mixed methods approach has been adopted to achieve this. In the first phase, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 20 Saudi entrepreneurs, and analysed using thematic analysis. The findings of this phase helped to gain better and deeper understanding of the phenomenon, and design the quantitative questionnaire. The second phase, a web-based questionnaire was collected from 236 early-stage entrepreneurs in three main regions of Saudi Arabia. The data gathered in this stage was statistically tested using descriptive, correlation and regression analysis. The findings reveal a variety of positive and negative significant relationships between wasta practices on the both demand and supply sides and internal and external liabilities of newness, the four dimensions of entrepreneurial orientations, tax morality and the degree of start-ups’ formality. The practical and theoretical implications are then discussed. Recommendations for future research are then outlined.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Social Sciences (Sheffield)
The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Social Sciences (Sheffield) > Management School (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.792065
Depositing User: Mr Naeem Albihany
Date Deposited: 25 Nov 2019 09:06
Last Modified: 23 Dec 2019 11:05
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/25436

You do not need to contact us to get a copy of this thesis. Please use the 'Download' link(s) above to get a copy.
You can contact us about this thesis. If you need to make a general enquiry, please see the Contact us page.

Actions (repository staff only: login required)