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Green Solvents for Polymer Applications

Zhenova, Anna (2019) Green Solvents for Polymer Applications. PhD thesis, University of York.

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Anna_Zhenova_Thesis_2019.pdf - Examined Thesis (PDF)
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Abstract

Discovery and development of green solvents for large-scale industrial applications is critical to the bioeconomy transition, yet academic solvent research focuses on use of solvents for organic synthesis, creating a knowledge gap in other areas. Polymer dissolution comprises at least 72% of solvent use in the EU, but is largely ignored in academic literature. This thesis addresses this disparity by uncovering new polymer-related applications for existing green solvents and identifying new green solvent candidates. Dihydrolevoglucosenone, or Cyrene, is a green solvent currently manufactured at commercial scale. Its abilities in promoting organic reactions are already well-known, but it is unexplored in polymer dissolution. This work investigates the potential of Cyrene in dissolution of synthetic and natural polymers, comparing it with conventional solvent NMP as well as greener solvent alternatives. Additionally, a mixture of renewably-sourced ether oligomers (OMEs) was investigated as an alternative to conventional ether solvents. The mixture was found to work in Suzuki-Miyaura coupling, biocatalytic polymerisation, and dissolution of some polymers, but requires further safety testing before conclusions about its green status can be reached.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Related URLs:
Academic Units: The University of York > Chemistry (York)
Depositing User: Ms Anna Zhenova
Date Deposited: 28 Jan 2020 15:36
Last Modified: 28 Jan 2020 15:36
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/25264

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