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On the Runtime Analysis of Selection Hyper-heuristics for Pseudo-Boolean Optimisation

Warwicker, John A (2019) On the Runtime Analysis of Selection Hyper-heuristics for Pseudo-Boolean Optimisation. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

Rather than manually deciding on a suitable algorithm configuration for a given optimisation problem, hyper-heuristics are high-level search algorithms which evolve the heuristic to be applied. While there are numerous reported successful applications of hyper-heuristics to combinatorial optimisation problems, it is not yet fully understood how well they perform and on which problem classes they are effective. Selection hyper-heuristics (SHHs) employ smart methodologies to select from a pre-defined set of low-level heuristics which to apply in the next decision step. This thesis extends and improves upon the existing foundational understanding of the behaviour and performance of SHHs, providing insights into how and when they can be successfully applied by analysing the time complexity of SHHs on a variety of unimodal and multimodal problem classes. Through a rigorous theoretical analysis, we show that while four commonly applied simple SHHs from the literature do not learn to select the most promising low-level heuristics, generalising them such that application of the chosen heuristic occurs over a longer period of time allows for vastly improved performance. Furthermore, we prove that extending the size of the set of low-level heuristics can improve the performance of the generalised SHHs, outperforming SHHs with smaller sets of low-level heuristics. We show that allowing the SHH to automatically adapt the length of the learning period may further improve the performance and outperform non-adaptive variants. SHHs selecting between two move-acceptance operators are also analysed on two classes of multimodal benchmark functions. An analysis of the performance of simple SHHs on these functions provides insights into the effectiveness of the presented methodologies for escaping from local optima.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Computer Science (Sheffield)
The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > Computer Science (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.786561
Depositing User: Mr John A Warwicker
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2019 15:45
Last Modified: 01 Nov 2019 10:20
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/24815

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