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The Syntax of Answers to Yes/No Questions in Mandarin

Zhao, Hongyan (2018) The Syntax of Answers to Yes/No Questions in Mandarin. PhD thesis, University of York.

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Abstract

This thesis discusses answers to yes/no questions in Mandarin from the perspective of syntax. It describes yes/no questions and answers especially the fragment answers in Mandarin according to their forms and structures. The fragment answers to yes/no questions can employ either echo answers or particle answers, and the particle answers en and en ̃ can follow either the truth-based answer system or the polarity-based answer system. A fragment answer is derived from its full sentential answer in which there is a strong interpretable [Focus] feature on the Focus Phrase(FocP) which is in the highest position in the domain of the CP. The focus of a yes/no question is the variable polarity. The strong interpretable [Focus] feature attracts the PolP with the [uFocus] feature to the specifier of the FocP to check the unvalued [Focus] feature. The TP is deleted first with several ellipses followed gradually. This thesis, not only describes yes/no questions and answers in Mandarin based on their forms respectively, but also researches the syntactic derivation of answers to yes/no questions in Mandarin. Furthermore, it also contributes to the syntactic research on de structures in yes/no questions and answers.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of York > Language and Linguistic Science (York)
Depositing User: Miss Hongyan Zhao
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2019 10:15
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2019 10:15
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/24518

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