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Measurements of flow and combustion in a strongly charged spark ignition engine

Zhang, Wankang (2018) Measurements of flow and combustion in a strongly charged spark ignition engine. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

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Abstract

The spark ignition engine is one of the most widely used power sources for vehicles. Due to the global warming, the fuel economy is encouraged to contribute in designing spark ignition engines. Therefore, one promising design is a strongly boosted downsized spark ignition engine. The present work aims to investigate combustion from two perspectives, namely, bio-derived fuels performed as additives in a strongly charged engine, and flame propagation at high pressure. N-butanol and 2,5-dimethylfuran performed as additives in a strongly charged engine were investigated across a range of spark timings at an engine speed of 750 RPM under stoichiometric conditions. Knock characteristics of those fuels were studied, and reverse thermodynamic analysis was applied to derive the in-cylinder charge state and flame speed. The results show that 2,5-dimethylfuran preformed as additive for current unleaded gasoline and its toluene reference fuel provides good anti-knock performance in strongly charged engine. N-butanol have great improvement as an additive on anti-knock performance for toluene reference fuel. Turbulent flow in the engine was studied by using two dimensional particle image velocimetry. Meanwhile, the effects of thermal expansion on turbulent flow which is located in front of the flame was also investigated. Burning velocity and flame speed of commercial unleaded gasoline and iso-octane under turbulent intensity of 0.75 m/s and 1.20 m/s were investigated at temperature of 650 K, pressure of 30 bar. The results suggest that several burning velocity correlations for predicting turbulent burning velocity not match the experimental outcomes. Furthermore, the thermal expansion may alter the turbulent intensity which is located in front of the flame. Flame shape and wrinkles were studied based on the captured laser tomographic images. The power spectral density of the wrinkles shows that the flame wrinkling is possibly related to the turbulent energy cascade. However, due to the limited camera resolutions, the effect of flame instability on wrinkling spectrum can not be observed clearly.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: combustion, PIV, engine, LUSIEDA, flame speed, burning velocity.
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Mechanical Engineering (Leeds) > Institute of Engineering Thermofluids, Surfaces & Interfaces (iETSI) (Leeds)
Depositing User: Wankang Zhang
Date Deposited: 24 Jun 2019 13:12
Last Modified: 24 Jun 2019 13:12
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/24176

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