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Novel ring expansion methods for the synthesis of functionalized macrocycles

Lin, Yun (2018) Novel ring expansion methods for the synthesis of functionalized macrocycles. MSc by research thesis, University of York.

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Macrocycles, are a class of interesting compounds with extensive applications; most notable is the increasing interest in their applications in drug discovery in recent years. Despite constant efforts made to develop new chemistry to study macrocycles, making them efficiently is still considered to be a major challenge for synthetic chemistry. In this work, different synthetic methods for macrocycle synthesis are introduced, with special emphasis on novel successive ring expansion reactions (SuRE) which has been recently developed in York. Distinct from other macrocyclization methods, SuRE was developed as two step ring expansion reactions based on intermolecular acylation, followed by intramolecular cyclization/rearrangement reactions. Instead of going through the a challenging macrocyclization steps, SuRE has achieved macrocyclization by annulation of intramolecularly cyclized 5 or 6 membered rings onto the existing cyclic compound, and utilizes thermodynamic driving forces to collapse the fused bicyclic bridge, release ring strain and producing enlarged monocyclic compound. SuRE enables macrocycles to be ‘grown’ from smaller rings, without ever performing a macrocyclization step. In this thesis, three sub-projects connected to the Unsworth’s SuRE research programme are described. Following a short review of ring expansion reactions and introduction, first the ring expansion and elaboration of benzosuberone derivatives as part of a successful collaboration with the European Lead factory is described (Chapter 2). Then, focus shifts to describing our efforts to prepare and expand novel medium sized ring scaffolds to expand the scope of SuRE (chapter 3). Finally, we describe progress towards an ambitious new ring expansion concept based on the pre-organization of long PEG side chains and our attempts to promote ring expansion via their insertion into lactams.

Item Type: Thesis (MSc by research)
Academic Units: The University of York > Chemistry (York)
Depositing User: Mr Yun Lin
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2019 13:42
Last Modified: 04 Jun 2019 13:42
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/24049

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