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Hybrid Visual-Inertial/Magnetic 3D Pose Estimation for Tracking Poorly-Textured/Textureless Symmetrical Objects

Wibowo, Sapto (2019) Hybrid Visual-Inertial/Magnetic 3D Pose Estimation for Tracking Poorly-Textured/Textureless Symmetrical Objects. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

The focus of this research is mainly to develop a visual 3D pose estimation that can be used for many purposes including but not limited to autonomous visual inspection support system. The work overcomes the fundamental problem of region-based pose estimation in tracking poorly-textured/textureless symmetrical objects due to non-unique projection shape given numerous different poses. The work improved the existing state-of-the-art region-based pose estimation, known as Pixel-Wise Posterior 3D Pose estimation (PWP3D), by incorporating with inertial/magnetic orientation estimate. For this purpose, an inertial/magnetic orientation estimate expressed as a full optimisation problem is proposed beforehand. The proposed method, referred to NAG-AHRS, aims to deal better with the non-Gaussian noise and the non-linear model. The NAG-AHRS is then analysed by comparing its output to the motion capture system, as well as benchmarked to five state-of-the-art inertial/magnetic orientation estimates. The experiments show NAG-AHRS outperformed other benchmarking algorithms. Furthermore, NAG-AHRS facilitates the integration to visual-only pose estimation and to develop hybrid visual-inertial/magnetic pose estimation. In contrast with common visual-inertial integration method that has been dominated by Kalman filtering framework, the proposed method integrates visual and inertial/magnetic as a single optimisation problem. The selected optimisation method is Nesterov’s Accelerated Gradient (NAG) descent, hence the proposed method is referred to as PWP3Di-NAG. The developed PWP3Di-NAG algorithm is then validated by comparing its output to the reference pose provided by Aruco marker and at the same time, it is also benchmarked to the original PWP3D algorithm. The validation demonstrated some significant performances improvements. Moreover, integrating visual-inertial as a single optimisation problem requires to transform inertial/magnetic measurements into the object reference frame. The required transformation induces an initialisation stage to accurately estimate the initial pose of the object. A novel framework for serving this purpose that combines region-based and edge-based pose estimation in a particle filtering framework is also proposed. The validation shows that the proposed framework be able to estimate the pose of an object with low pose estimation errors.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Automatic Control and Systems Engineering (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.772905
Depositing User: Dr. Sapto Wibowo
Date Deposited: 29 Apr 2019 08:38
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2019 20:07
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/23252

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