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Statistical Modelling of Craniofacial Shape

Dai, Hang (2018) Statistical Modelling of Craniofacial Shape. PhD thesis, University of York.

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Abstract

With prior knowledge and experience, people can easily observe rich shape and texture variation for a certain type of objects, such as human faces, cats or chairs, in both 2D and 3D images. This ability helps us recognise the same person, distinguish different kinds of creatures and sketch unseen samples of the same object class. The process of capturing this prior knowledge is mathematically interpreted as statistical modelling. The outcome is a morphable model, a vector space representation of objects, that captures the variation of shape and texture. This thesis presents research aimed at constructing 3DMMs of craniofacial shape and texture using new algorithms and processing pipelines to offer enhanced modelling abilities over existing techniques. In particular, we present several fully automatic modelling approaches and apply them to a large dataset of 3D images of the human head, the Headspace dataset, thus generating the first public shape-and- texture 3D Morphable Model (3DMM) of the full human head. We call this the Liverpool-York Head Model, reflecting the data collection and statistical modelling respectively. We also explore the craniofacial symmetry and asymmetry in template morphing and statistical modelling. We propose a Symmetry-aware Coherent Point Drift (SA-CPD) algorithm, which mitigates the tangential sliding problem seen in competing morphing algorithms. Based on the symmetry-constrained correspondence output of SA-CPD, we present a symmetry-factored statistical modelling method for craniofacial shape. Also, we propose an iterative process of refinement for a 3DMM of the human ear that employs data augmentation. Then we merge the proposed 3DMMs of the ear with the full head model. As craniofacial clinicians like to look at head profiles, we propose a new pipeline to build a 2D morphable model of the craniofacial sagittal profile and augment it with profile models from frontal and top-down views. Our models and data are made publicly available online for research purposes.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: statistical modelling, 3D shape, template morphing, dense correspondence, craniofacial symmetry
Academic Units: The University of York > Computer Science (York)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.770295
Depositing User: Mr Hang Dai
Date Deposited: 25 Mar 2019 12:24
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2020 13:08
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/23236

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