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Wireless Quantum Key Distribution in Indoor Environments

El Mabrok, Osama H Mohamed (2018) Wireless Quantum Key Distribution in Indoor Environments. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

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Abstract

Among all emerging quantum information technologies, quantum key distribution (QKD) is one of the most developed techniques. QKD harnesses the intrinsic laws of quantum mechanics to provide a method for distributing secret random keys, which can be used for data encryption and decryption between two intended users. QKD has already been demonstrated in different scenarios over optical fibre and in atmospheric channels. QKD has also been used for security assurance in several network settings, in addition of being commercially available today. Despite remarkable progress in QKD systems, convenient access to the developing quantum communications networks is still missing. Adopting QKD in mobile devices would enable such a service, particularly, in indoor environments. This is in line with the recent advancement in fabricating microchip-scale QKD devices, which would ease this incorporation into mobile devices. This work focuses on the access networks, and, in particular, it addresses the wireless mode of access in indoor environments for QKD networks. We find a practical regime of operation, where, in the presence of external light sources and loss, secret keys can be exchanged. We then propose practical configurations that would enable wireless access to hybrid quantum-classical networks. The proposed setups would allow an indoor wireless user, equipped with a QKD-enabled mobile device, to communicate securely with a remote party on the other end of the access network. We account for adverse effects of the background noise induced by Raman scattered light on the QKD receivers due to the transmission of both quantum and classical signals over the same fibre. In addition, we consider the loss and the background noise that arise from indoor environments. We consider a number of discrete and continuous-variable QKD protocols and study their performance in different scenarios. In our analysis we consider the asymptotic scenario, as well as the finite-size key effects. In the former case, an infinite number of signals are assumed to be exchanged between the sender and the recipient, whereas in the latter, which represents the practical scenario, a finite number of signals are exchanged between the two users. Our results indicate that a feasible regime of operation for wireless QKD exists. This makes the QKD technologies available to end users of a communications network.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: optical wireless communications(OWC), Quantum key distribution (QKD).
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Electronic & Electrical Engineering (Leeds) > Institute of Microwaves and Photonics (Leeds)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.762510
Depositing User: Mr Osama H Mohamed El Mabrok
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2018 10:41
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2020 12:49
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/22356

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