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White Noise Reduction for Wideband Sensor Array Signal Processing

Anbiyaei, Mohammad Reza (2018) White Noise Reduction for Wideband Sensor Array Signal Processing. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

The performance of wideband array signal processing algorithms is dependant on the noise level in the system. In this thesis, a method is proposed for reducing the level of white noise in wideband arrays via a judiciously designed spatial transformation followed by a bank of high-pass filters. The method is initially introduced for uniform linear arrays (ULAs) and analysed in detail. The spectrum of the signal and noise after being processed by the proposed noise reduction method is analysed, and the correlation matrix of the processed noise is derived. The reduced noise level leads to a higher signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) for the system, which can have a significant effect on the performance improvement of various beamforming methods and other array signal processing applications such as direction of arrival (DOA) estimation. The performance of two well-known beamformers, the reference signal based (RSB) beamformer and the linearly constrained minimum variance (LCMV) beamformer is reviewed. Then, the theoretical effect of applying the proposed noise reduction method as a pre-processing step on the performance enhancement of RSB and LCMV beamformers is studied. The theoretical results are then confirmed by simulation. As a representative example of wideband DOA estimation application, a compressive sensing-based DOA estimation method is employed to demonstrate the improved estimation by applying the pre-processing noise reduction method, which is confirmed by simulation. Next, the idea is extended to wideband non-uniform linear arrays (NLAs). Since, NLA does not have a uniform spacing, the beam response of the row vectors of the transformation is distorted. Therefore, the transformation is re-designed using the least squares method to satisfy the band-pass requirements of the transformation. Simulation results show a satisfactory improvement in the the performance of RSB and LCMV beamformers for the NLA structure. The idea is further extended to uniform rectangular arrays (URAs) and uniform circular arrays (UCAs), as two major types of the planar arrays. Two methods are proposed for reducing the effect of white noise in wideband URAs and for each one, a different transformation is designed. The first one is based on a two-dimensional (2D) transformation and the second one is an adaptation of the method developed for the ULA case. The developed method for the UCA structure is based on a one-dimensional (1D) transformation, with modified modulation for the transformation to satisfy the required band-pass characteristics of the transformation. Same as linear array structures, the RSB and LCMV beamformers are used to demonstrate the performance enhancement of the method for planar arrays.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Electronic and Electrical Engineering (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.737913
Depositing User: Mr Mohammad Reza Anbiyaei
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2018 10:48
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2018 09:53
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/19893

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