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The effect of molecular bend on the properties of bimesogenic materials

Archbold, Craig (2017) The effect of molecular bend on the properties of bimesogenic materials. PhD thesis, University of York.

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Abstract

A series of compounds were synthesised belonging to two families of unusually shaped liquid-crystals, a series of dimers, also called bimesogens, with varying molecular architecture, as well as a series of so-called “pseudo bent-core” materials, wherein the molecule is in possession of a mostly rigid core, with one possible site of flexibility in the central unit. The properties of the pseudo bent core materials were found to be strongly dependent on the shape of the central unit, ranging from non-mesogenic for those materials with sterically bulky central cores, to nematic for cores with a group that promotes linearity, to lamellar and even the relatively uncommon dark conglomerate phase in materials that are more bent. For the flexible bimesogens the behaviour was much more consistent, with all of the phase behaviour displayed being nematic in nature, with some exhibiting the hotly debated twist-bend nematic (NTB) phase. It was found that the phase behaviour, particularly the occurrence of the NTB phase was strongly dependent on both the terminal unit; conjugating polar groups gave more stable phases than non-conjugating, and the nature and length of the spacer. With methylene spacer providing a more stable NTB phase, and the stability of the phase behaviour generally increasing with spacer length. Mixture studies indicated that the primary barrier to ether linked compounds forming the NTB phase was their high melting point. Mixtures with a chiral dopant also provided some insight into the NTB phase, and allowed for the observation of the first direct isotropic- NTB transition. This thesis is concluded with a discussion on the relationship between molecular bend and flexibility and the phase behaviour of these materials, relating the phase behaviour of both the bimesogens and the “pseudo bent-cores” to their ability to twist and reshape to effectively pack into certain mesophases.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Related URLs:
Academic Units: The University of York > Chemistry (York)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.739917
Depositing User: Mr Craig Archbold
Date Deposited: 04 May 2018 15:59
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2018 15:24
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/19734

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