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Adaptive Beamforming for Distributed Relay Networks

Ma, Jingxiao (2018) Adaptive Beamforming for Distributed Relay Networks. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

Tremendous research work has been put into the realm of distributed relay networks, for its distinct advantages in exploiting spatial diversity, reducing the deployment cost and mitigating the effect of fading in wireless transmission without the multi-antenna requirement on the relay nodes. In typical relay networks, data transmission between a source and a destination is assisted by relay nodes with various relaying protocols. In this thesis, we investigate how to adaptively select the relay weights to meet specific interference suppressing requirements of the network. The thesis makes original contributions by proposing a filter-and-forward (FF) relay scheme in cognitive radio networks and an iterative algorithm based transceiver beamforming scheme for multi-pair relay networks. In the firstly proposed scheme, the relay nodes are adapted to deal with the inter-symbol-interference (ISI) that is introduced in the frequency-selective channel environment and the leakage interference introduced to the primary user. Our proposed scheme uses FF relay beamforming at the relay nodes to combat the frequency selective channel, and our scheme also aims to maximize the received SINR at the secondary destination, while suppressing the interference introduced to the primary user (PU). This scheme is further extended to accommodate a relay nodes output power constraint. Under certain criteria, the extended scheme can be transformed into two sub-schemes with lower computational complexity, where their closed-form solutions are derived. The probability that we can perform these transformations is also tested, which reveals under what circumstances our second scheme can be solved more easily. Then, we propose an iterative transceiver beamforming scheme for the multi-pair distributed relay networks. In our scheme, we consider multi-antenna users in one user group communicating with their partners in the other user group via distributed single-antenna relay nodes. We employ transceiver beamformers at the user nodes, and through our proposed iterative algorithm the relay nodes and user nodes can be coordinatively adapted to suppress the inter-pair-interference (IPI) while maximize the desired signal power. We also divide the rather difficult transceiver beamforming problem into three sub-problems, each of which can be solved with sub-optimal solutions. The transmit beamforming vectors, distributed relay coefficients and the receive beamforming vectors are obtained by iteratively solving these three sub-problems, each having a closed-form solution. The tasks of maximizing desired signal power, and reducing inter-pair interference (IPI) and noise are thus allocated to different iteration steps. By this arrangement, the transmit and receiver beamformers of each user are responsible for improving its own performance and the distributed relay nodes can be employed with simple amplify-and-forward(AF) protocols and only forward the received signal with proper scalar. This iterative relay beamforming scheme is further extended by distributing the computation tasks among each user and relay node, through which high computational efficiency can be ensured while extra overhead of bandwidth is need for sharing beamforming vector updates during the iteration steps. Furthermore, with respect to the channel uncertainty, two more relay strategies are proposed considering two different requirements from the communication network: sum relay output power and individual relay output power. At last, the application of the iterative relay beamforming method in cognitive radio networks is studied, where multiple pairs of users are considered as secondary users (SUs), and the designed transmit beamforming vector, relay beamforming vector and receive beamforming vector together guarantee that the inner interference of their transmissions is well suppressed while the interference introduced by them to the PU is restricted under a predefined threshold.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: beamforming; multi-pair communication; relay signal processing;
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Electronic and Electrical Engineering (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Mr Jingxiao Ma
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2018 11:20
Last Modified: 01 Feb 2019 01:18
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/19584

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