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Attitudes of Preschool Teachers towards the Introduction of Inclusive Education (IE) in Malaysian Government Preschools

Ramli, Liza Isyqi Binti (2017) Attitudes of Preschool Teachers towards the Introduction of Inclusive Education (IE) in Malaysian Government Preschools. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

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The Ministry of Education in Malaysia intends to introduce Inclusive Education (IE) at the preschool level. The introduction of IE will place high demands on preschool teachers and to include all children with special education needs (SEN) will require a significant shift in practice. Thus, this study explored the attitudes of preschool teachers towards IE and identified factors which may have influenced these attitudes. This thesis presents the findings of mixed-method research study investigating preschool teachers’ attitudes towards the introduction of IE in Malaysia. A theoretical framework based on the combination of ecological system theory (Bronfenbrenner, 1979) and the three-component model of attitude (Eagly and Chaiken, 1993; Triandis, 1971) was utilised to explore teachers’ attitude. 421 preschool teachers in one Malaysian state completed a survey and 18 took part in a semi-structured interview. The findings indicated that the preschool teachers in this study feel that they are generally prepared for implementing IE. However, the qualitative data revealed many barriers to the implementation of IE that influenced teachers’ attitudes. Factors such as skills and training, resources and facilities as well as knowledge and awareness about IE and children with special educational needs (SEN) are highlighted in this study. This study highlights the importance of knowledge and understanding of IE, teachers’ skills and abilities and the values and commitment needed from every agency. Recommendations address improvements to in-service teacher professional development and pre-service teacher education courses as well as the upgrading of school facilities. Most importantly, this research suggests that there is a need to raise awareness and increase knowledge about IE and SEN through strengthened collaboration between parents, specialists, schools and society.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Inclusive Education, teachers' attitudes, preschool teachers, mixed method study, Malaysia
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Education, Social Sciences and Law (Leeds) > School of Education (Leeds)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.736489
Depositing User: Ms Liza Isyqi Ramli
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2018 11:25
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2018 09:56
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/19566

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