White Rose University Consortium logo
University of Leeds logo University of Sheffield logo York University logo

Making sense of Community Treatment Orders: the service-user experience

Marklew, Lee (2017) Making sense of Community Treatment Orders: the service-user experience. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

[img]
Preview
Text
Making sense of CTOs Thesis.pdf - Final eThesis - complete (pdf)
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales.

Download (2963Kb) | Preview

Abstract

Since their introduction in 2008, Community Treatment Orders (CTOs) have become an increasingly common feature of mental health treatment. Although compulsory community treatment is used in many countries, there is a lack of consistent evidence of its clinical effectiveness and a dearth of methodically robust studies. The international use of CTOs remains contentious based on the ethics of coercion and infringement of autonomy. Detailed understanding and interpretation of the experiential impact on service-users is necessary to inform the ongoing use and development of CTOs. Although some of the extant literature acknowledges the effect of historical and contextual influences on the implementation of CTOs, these influences have not been comprehensively evaluated. Existing exploratory studies reveal wide-ranging, often conflicting responses from service-users, describing mainly ambivalent reactions to a CTO. This indicates a need for rich detailed data and analysis of the service-users’ experience of CTOs. This study aimed to investigate how service-users make sense of their CTO experience. Ten active CTO service-users were purposefully recruited from an Assertive Outreach Team caseload in the north of England. Each participant undertook one or two semi-structured interviews facilitated with photo-journals and diaries. A total of 18 interviews were completed and the data subject to Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Themes were generated and organised into three clusters: Pained and Powerless; Alignment and Reconnection; and Consolation and Compensation. Some participants felt powerless to challenge the ‘sentence’ imposed as therapeutic intent. Many participants described feeling disadvantaged, different and labelled, but were also committed to recovery and reintegration into the community. Some participants perceived that small interactions could combine to leave them feeling more secure, less anxious and, paradoxically, more in control. The study proposes a theoretical framework that may unlock the therapeutic potential of CTOs, improving lived experience without compromising their social significance or effectiveness.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Community Treatment Orders
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Medicine and Health (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Medicine and Health (Leeds) > School of Healthcare (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Medicine and Health (Leeds) > School of Healthcare (Leeds) > Nursing (Leeds)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.736474
Depositing User: Mr Lee Marklew
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2018 11:57
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2018 09:56
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/19470

You do not need to contact us to get a copy of this thesis. Please use the 'Download' link(s) above to get a copy.
You can contact us about this thesis. If you need to make a general enquiry, please see the Contact us page.

Actions (repository staff only: login required)