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Excited State Dynamics in Semiconductor Nanostructures

Sills, Andrew Michael (2017) Excited State Dynamics in Semiconductor Nanostructures. PhD thesis, University of Leeds.

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Abstract

Over the past two decades quantum-dot-based photovoltaic devices have been attracting a lot of attention due to their potential high efficiencies and low cost fabrication. Unlike conventional photovoltaic devices where the absorption of a single photon always produces a single electron hole pair (exciton), quantum-dot-based devices can generate multiple excitons from the absorption of just a single photon. Thanks to this process, which is referred to as either carrier multiplication or multiple excition generation, quantum-dot-based devices can potentially reach higher efficiencies breaking the Shockley-Queisser limit. In addition, the colloidal synthesis techniques used to fabricate these devices are potentially very cheap and scalable. Despite the intrinsic potential of these devices, they are not currently at a stage where they can compete with commercial photovoltaics. In this thesis various factors that effect the efficiency of carrier multiplication are investigated. In addition new analytical methods are developed to form a contribution to theoretical work in this field.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Nanotechnology Quantum Electronics Photovoltaic Solar Exciton State
Academic Units: The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Electronic & Electrical Engineering (Leeds)
The University of Leeds > Faculty of Engineering (Leeds) > School of Electronic & Electrical Engineering (Leeds) > Institute of Microwaves and Photonics (Leeds)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.729464
Depositing User: Mr Andrew Michael Sills
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2017 12:50
Last Modified: 25 Jul 2018 09:56
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/18891

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