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The economy of the Roman south Pennines with particular reference to the lead extraction industry in its national context.

Dearne, Martin J (1990) The economy of the Roman south Pennines with particular reference to the lead extraction industry in its national context. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

This thesis aims to assess the archaeological evidence for the economy of the upland south Pennines in the Romano—British period.It is particularly directed towards examining the role of lead mining in the national context of that industry.The initial chapters examine the Iron Age,historical and natural backgrounds,the probable size of the population and the available transport system of the area.Chapter 6 examines the major sites within and on the periphery of the area,paying particular attention to the economic basis of military vici and the contrast with civil towns. Chapter 7 examines the highly limited evidence for rural settlement.The evidence for the lead (and perhaps silver) extraction industry,mainly the pigs or inscribed blocks which it produced, is examined in detail from a number of standpoints in Chapter 8.The evidence for the national industry,not just that of Derbyshire,is examined since it provides a vital context for the specific example under study.All the extant pips are listed in a detailed catalogue (Appendix 1) and some further implications of their study are considered in Appendices 2 and 3.Ancient and modern comparative evidence is also cited for the lead industry and a model for its nature is suggested in Chapter 9. A number of conclusions,mainly provisional because of the often incomplete evidence,are reached.It is suggested that military vici enjoyed only a limited integration into the more general economy of the area.However,it is clear that the south of the study area was more developed than the north.This is attributed to three factors,the importance of the lead industry,the spa function of Buxton and to strategic concerns.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: History
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Arts and Humanities (Sheffield) > Archaeology (Sheffield)
The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > Archaeology (Sheffield)
Depositing User: EThOS Import Sheffield
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2012 15:35
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2013 08:47
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/1789

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