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Do Transitional Justice Strategies address Small Island Developing States niche conflicts? Preventing the recurrence of Coups d’état: Study of Fiji.

Khan, Natasha (2015) Do Transitional Justice Strategies address Small Island Developing States niche conflicts? Preventing the recurrence of Coups d’état: Study of Fiji. PhD thesis, University of York.

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Abstract

This research, affirms that some mechanisms of the transitional justice approaches can be applicable to SIDS conflict; particularly structural conflicts. The fourth principle of the Joinet/Orentlicher Principles of ‘Dealing with the Past’; the right to non-occurrence of conflict, was utilised as a conceptual framework to research the case of Fiji, as it addresses military and institution reforms; both of which are problematic area in Fiji. Focus groups interviews, semi-structured questionnaires and key informant interviews were used to collect data. The overall research question was: ‘How can transitional justice strategies address conflicts that are distinctive to Small Island developing states?’, and the more specific questions related to amnesty, military reform and prevention of coup d’états in the future. The thesis confirms that many respondents and key informants regard amnesty for coups d’état negatively and unjust. A number of key informants also think that amnesty is bad as it sends the wrong signals to the coup perpetrators and to future generations. Respondents felt strongly (78%) that the coup perpetrators should be held accountable as coups are illegal, but they also acknowledged that the military is too strong and praetorian at this stage in Fiji to be held accountable. Findings also indicate that there were mixed views on military reform. A number of other important reforms were also suggested by the respondents to prevent the reoccurrence of coups in Fiji. These include; education to foster a national identity, and reforms to the rule of law as well as to the judiciary. This thesis concludes that transitional justice mechanisms would be applicable to small island developing states but it would need to be tailored to the country’s specific needs. Additionally, if we are to ensure that another coup does not occur in the future, Fiji has to carry out military reform and revive discussions on amnesty, or such discussions will be driven underground and may fester into future conflicts.  

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Keywords: Coup d’états, Transitional justice Small Island Developing States conflicts Military reform Praetorian military Security sector reform Fiji Dealing with the past Amnesty Rule of law Coup perpetrators Prevention of conflict
Academic Units: The University of York > Politics (York)
The University of York > Law
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.722815
Depositing User: Dr. Natasha Khan
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2017 07:45
Last Modified: 24 Jul 2018 15:22
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/17877

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