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Rehabilitation of accelerated long-term forgetting using external memory aids:an investigation of a diary and a wearable automatic camera

Lee-Donaldson, Karen (2011) Rehabilitation of accelerated long-term forgetting using external memory aids:an investigation of a diary and a wearable automatic camera. DClinPsy thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

This thesis consists of two sections. Section one is a review of the literature on the effectiveness of external memory aids for compensating for autobiographical memory impairment. It evaluates the existing research evidence for mechanical aids (pen and paper methods) and SenseCam (a novel technological device). The findings suggest that SenseCam can improve later ability to recall personal experiences. However, to date the device has only been evaluated in single case reports. Diaries have proved beneficial for clients with moderate to severe memory impairment and can be recommended as a practice guideline. Methodological limitations and recommendations for future research are discussed. Section two presents an assessment of the effects of repeated rehearsal of autobiographical information recorded by a diary and a wearable automatic camera. One control subject with temporal lobe epilepsy and five participants who experienced accelerated long-term forgetting were recruited. Recall for personal events and memory vividness were significantly improved by using a diary in the control participant. Two participants with ALF significantly improved recall for personal memories or memory vividness using a diary. A further two participants showed measurable gains in the quality and quantity of personal memories using a memory aid, though the data did not reach statistical significance relative to the baseline. Improved performance of autobiographical memory was associated with an increase in perceived quality of life in three individuals. These findings suggest that ALF cases can show rehearsal-immunity for autobiographical information, which is of clinical and theoretic importance

Item Type: Thesis (DClinPsy)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > Psychology (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Ms Karen Lee-Donaldson
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2011 08:56
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2013 08:47
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/1746

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