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Methods for Addressing Data Diversity in Automatic Speech Recognition

Doulaty Bashkand, Mortaza (2017) Methods for Addressing Data Diversity in Automatic Speech Recognition. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

The performance of speech recognition systems is known to degrade in mismatched conditions, where the acoustic environment and the speaker population significantly differ between the training and target test data. Performance degradation due to the mismatch is widely reported in the literature, particularly for diverse datasets. This thesis approaches the mismatch problem in diverse datasets with various strategies including data refinement, variability modelling and speech recognition model adaptation. These strategies are realised in six novel contributions. The first contribution is a data subset selection technique using likelihood ratio derived from a target test set quantifying mismatch. The second contribution is a multi-style training method using data augmentation. The existing training data is augmented using a distribution of variabilities learnt from a target dataset, resulting in a matched set. The third contribution is a new approach for genre identification in diverse media data with the aim of reducing the mismatch in an adaptation framework. The fourth contribution is a novel method which performs an unsupervised domain discovery using latent Dirichlet allocation. Since the latent domains have a high correlation with some subjective meta-data tags, such as genre labels of media data, features derived from the latent domains are successfully applied to the genre and broadcast show identification tasks. The fifth contribution extends the latent modelling technique for acoustic model adaptation, where latent-domain specific models are adapted from a base model. As the sixth contribution, an alternative adaptation approach is proposed where subspace adaptation of deep neural network acoustic models is performed using the proposed latent-domain aware training procedure. All of the proposed techniques for mismatch reduction are verified using diverse datasets. Using data selection, data augmentation and latent-domain model adaptation methods the mismatch between training and testing conditions of diverse ASR systems are reduced, resulting in more robust speech recognition systems.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield) > Computer Science (Sheffield)
The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > Computer Science (Sheffield)

The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Engineering (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Mr Mortaza Doulaty Bashkand
Date Deposited: 15 May 2017 07:54
Last Modified: 15 May 2017 07:54
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/17096

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