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Magnetohydrodynamic Waves in a Gravitationally Stratified Fluid

Hague, Alexander (2016) Magnetohydrodynamic Waves in a Gravitationally Stratified Fluid. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

Waves and oscillations are ubiquitous in the Sun. Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves in a gravitationally stratified medium are of fundamental importance in understanding the physical phenomena observed in the solar atmosphere. Waves may be generated by turbulent motion in the solar convection zone. Magnetic fields of varying scales permeate the atmosphere of the Sun; these may provide a channel for MHD waves to propagate into the solar atmosphere. The theory of MHD waves in a stratified medium has been well developed, although it is far from complete. In this thesis we aim to contribute to the development of this theory. The work in this thesis can be broadly divided into two sections. The first of these concerns the role of buoyancy when MHD waves propagate within a gravitational field. Secondly, we study the global resonance of waves in a stratified atmosphere. We primarily employ analytical methods to make progress. We study buoyancy-driven MHD waves with more depth and rigour than previous studies. We begin with a magnetic field that is parallel to gravity. We give a clearer picture of the situation, which has previously been misinterpreted. We generalise previous work to include a more complex and realistic background including temperature variation and partial ionisation. We also briefly consider a magnetic field perpendicular to gravity. It has been shown that vertically propagating acoustic waves in a stratified atmosphere may be trapped by a varying acoustic cut-off frequency. This trapping leads to a global resonance in the entire solar atmosphere. We generalise previous work by including e.g. non-vertical wave propagation, buoyancy and a magnetic field. We conclude that the global resonance is a rather robust phenomenon and so may be an important mechanism in supplying energy into the higher solar atmosphere.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > School of Mathematics and Statistics (Sheffield)
Depositing User: Mr Alexander Hague
Date Deposited: 03 Jan 2017 13:36
Last Modified: 03 Jan 2017 13:36
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/15842

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