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Bayesian inference for health state utilities using pairwise comparison data.

Cain, Theresa (2012) Bayesian inference for health state utilities using pairwise comparison data. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) is responsible for making recommendations about which treatments are available on the NHS. An important part of the decision making process is to estimate the cost effectiveness of a treatment, measured in cost per QALY gained. If a treatment costs more than £30000 per QALY the NHS does not consider it to be cost effective. QALYs are calculated using life years and QALY weights. which represent the quality of life of a condition. An example of a QALY weight is a utility. which is a measure of preference for a health condition. A utility is measured on a scale between 0 and 1, where 0 is the utility of death and 1 is the utility of perfect health. This thesis uses discrete choice modelling to estimate utilities for health states defined using the Asthma quality of life questionnaire. A Bayesian approach is used to estimate the utilities in order to quantify utility. A probit and legit model are considered for the likelihood where the parameters represent the decrease in utility associated with increasing levels of the attributes of the asthma quality of life questionnaire. An MCMC is run using three prior distributions on the parameters: Gamma(l.lO). Gamma(5.15) and Uniform(O. 1). The model is also extended to include a multiplicative random effect. Bayes factors are used as a model comparison in the standard model, Results from both the standard model and random effects model are also compared with maximum likelihood estimates.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Science (Sheffield) > School of Mathematics and Statistics (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.574603
Depositing User: EThOS Import Sheffield
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2016 09:52
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2016 09:52
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/14591

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