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Clustering for 2D chemical structures

Chu, Chia-Wei (2011) Clustering for 2D chemical structures. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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Abstract

The clustering of chemical structures is important and widely used in several areas of chemoinformatics. A little-discussed aspect of clustering is standardization, it ensures all descriptors in a chemical representation make a comparable contribution to the measurement of similarity. The initial study compares the effectiveness of seven different standardization procedures that have been suggested previously, the results were also compared with unstandardized datasets. It was found that no one standardization method offered consistently the best performance. Comparative studies of clustering effectiveness are helpful in providing suitability and guidelines of different methods. In order to examine the suitability of different clustering methods for the application in chemoinformatics, especially those had not previously been applied to chemoinformatics, the second piece of study carries out an effectiveness comparison of nine clustering methods. However, the result revealed that it is unlikely that a single clustering method can provide consistently the best partition under all circumstances. Consensus clustering is a technique to combine multiple input partitions of the same set of objects to achieve a single clustering that is expected to provide a more robust and more generally effective representation of the partitions that are submitted. The third piece of study reports the use of seven different consensus clustering methods which had not previously been used on sets of chemical compounds represented by 2D fingerprints. Their effectiveness was compared with some traditional clustering methods discussed in the second study. It was observed that no consistently best consensus clustering method was found.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Other academic unit: Department of Information Studies
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.531140
Depositing User: EThOS Import Sheffield
Date Deposited: 19 May 2016 13:49
Last Modified: 19 May 2016 13:49
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/12810

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