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The Science and Art Department, 1853-1900.

Butterworth, Harry (1968) The Science and Art Department, 1853-1900. PhD thesis, University of Sheffield.

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The work is set out in four main parts. In the first section, the administrative history of the Department is chronologically detailed, by a division into five periods which represent the origins, the formative years, and the progress under three successive groups of chief officials. The basic policy, of local "self-support" encouraged by a system of payments on the results of examinations, is examined, and some reference is made to institutions in which this policy was carried through. The extension of the Department's fields of activity, later modifications to its system which threw more responsibility on newly created local authorities, and the end of the "results" system are recorded. These developments are set against the industrial and political backgrounds of the era. Relations with the primary Education Department are also considered. In the second section, specific developments in Science and in Art teaching are separately recorded. There is also a division between the treatment of the developments in, and the machinery of, provincial and central institutions, the latter of which were controlled by the Department and used as "stimulating" influences. The section also deals with the organisation of the Department's Inspectorate, the training and the remuneration of the teachers who acted as its 'provincial agents'", and the encouragement, and the responses, of the students who took its examinations. The third section is concerned with the political and social setting. The influence on, and responses toi Departmental policy, of politicians and manufacturers, are recorded. The views of representative organs of the contemporary press are examined. There is a consideration of the influence of religious factors on development. The section concludes with a study of the relationships of the Department with other bodies which worked in the same fields. The fourth and final section includes an attempt to summarise the Departmentls development and its achievements, and its effects, including a brief account of its influences in the field of tertiary education. A biographical appendix, and tables of statistics to which references have been made in the body of the work, are included in this section.

Item Type: Thesis (PhD)
Academic Units: The University of Sheffield > Faculty of Social Sciences (Sheffield) > School of Education (Sheffield)
Identification Number/EthosID: uk.bl.ethos.492670
Depositing User: EThOS Import Sheffield
Date Deposited: 31 May 2016 13:35
Last Modified: 31 May 2016 13:35
URI: http://etheses.whiterose.ac.uk/id/eprint/12801

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